How to Solve Computer Keeps Shutting Down Problem?

It can be really annoying if your computer keeps shutting down frequently. And it can be even more disturbing when you are working on something important. You might lose important data, you will lose your time, get agitated, and consequently all these issues are going to spoil your mood. To forestall all these things from happening, it is important that you fix the problem at the earliest.

Frequent computer shut downs can be caused due to various reasons such as overheating, defects in the hardware components, or software issues. Explained below are some of the common reasons for frequent computer shut down problems and their solutions.

Software issues

Here is a simple check you might consider trying out. A few minutes after your computer shuts down, restart it again and click on the ‘Start’ button on your desktop. Choose the ‘Control Panel’ option and then click on ‘Administrative Tools’. Then select the ‘Event Viewer’ from the list of icons and look at the logs.

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Find the event that was running when your computer got shut down and make a note of it. If your computer gets shut down when you are on the same program each time then there could be something wrong with that particular software. If so, then address the issue immediately by reinstalling the software.

Overheating and hardware issues

Check for any hardware defects. If there is any, then replace the hardware component with a new one. If the shut down issue continues even after you have addressed all these issues, then remove the screws from the CPU and take out the power cord.

As excess accumulation of dust could be a possible cause for the improper functioning of the components. Clean the dust and debris off the CPU. Don’t be surprised if you see a dust storm in your home!

If the CPU is not cleaned properly then it might lead to the accretion of dirt and dust inside and this might prevent the normal airflow in the CPU. Inefficient airflow will lead to the overheating of the processor and this can cause shut down problems. Remember, heat is a killer that can completely damage your computer.

As overheating is a major problem, it is always good to take it step by step. After you have blown away the dirt, the next thing you might consider is cleaning the fans. Check if the fans are in proper working condition or not.

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Classical computers have fans near the power supply area, while the modern computers have it at the front end. Some computers have fans mounted on the CPU itself. Irrespective of the number of fans your CPU has and where they are mounted, clean all the fans. Any minor block in the fan can be fixed by repairing the hub or bearings. However, it is always good to replace the fan to resolve such issues.


Virus is another possible reason that might cause your computer keeps shutting down unexpectedly. A virus, malware or spyware could actually infect your computer by a number of ways. The most common method that a virus infects the drives of your computer is when you download unsecured software and videos off the Internet. In case of emails, you will invite virus to your computer when you open the spam mails and advertently click on the links.

Likewise, you may also get virus into your computer when you play online games. One main risk of virus is they spread from one location to multiple locations at a rapid pace. It’s just like the worms laying hundreds of eggs and multiplying.

The malicious worms (virus) might either corrupt your files or damage your files entirely. In a different version of virus passed on by the hackers, it might steal important personal details like passwords, bank and credit card details. To prevent all these from happening, it is always good to do a virus scan on your computer every now and then. Install reliable antivirus software, and that would give you the protection from all possible virus threats.

Other possible reasons for unexpected computer shut downs are low batteries on power backup systems, improper shut downs by other user, over-clocking of the hardware components to gain more speed etc.

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  1. Most malware these days is NOT a virus – it’s something else. Malware doesn’t normally have any affect whether the computer would shut down or reboot.

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  3. Sometimes you will see your computer getting restarted or shutdown automatically without any instruction from your side. This is a frustrating scenario when you are working on some important stuff and your computer restarts without any notice. Of course this is an improper restart or shutdown and may damage your computer’s hardware like Hard Disk or may damage your Operating System like Windows. This is a common problem in old computers specially PCs i.e. computers running on Windows OS. But there may be different reasons for this common problem. Here are some of the reasons which may cause frequent auto restart or shutdown of your PC.

  4. Your PC may also turn off randomly because of hardware problems. You know your computer has a hardware problem when: you have checked that your PC doesn’t turn off because of overheating yet you still have the problem, when the computer turns off at a certain point (for instance, only when you try playing a game), you haven’t changed your computer’s major software configuration in a few days (meaning that you have not updated new drivers, installed or uninstalled big new programs, etc.), and you have scanned your computer for viruses and none have been found on your computer. After you have checked all these things and your pc turns off randomly still, open Device Manager (press the Windows key R, type in devmgmt.msc, and click OK). Click on all of the signs and if you see any question marks or other suspicious signs, you will know the hardware problem you have and the corresponding hardware component you will have to replace. If there is nothing wrong in Device Manager, you may have a software problem or virus rather than a hardware problem that makes your pc turn off randomly.

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  6. Thanks a lot. In my case, it is the accumulated dust that created the problem. I cleaned it last month and there is no shut down of my computer till now. I wish to thank you as your answers are completely reliable. Your blog is completely reliable. Thanks again.